The side-effects of sleep apnea

Research shows that sleep apnea is associated with many serious medical conditions. Left untreated, it can be a contributing risk factor for a wide range of health risks.

If you have sleep apnea the following risks increase:

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Stroke (blood clots in the brain)

People with sleep apnea are 3 times more likely to suffer a stroke. Almost 70% of people who have had a stroke have sleep apnea.1

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Heart attack

People with sleep apnea may have an increased risk of suffering a heart attack.2

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High blood pressure

50% of people with high blood pressure also may have sleep apnea and sleep apnea is a common cause of high blood pressure.3 Patients on multiple medications to manage their blood pressure have an 83% chance of having sleep apnea.4

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Type 2 diabetes

58% Of patients with type 2 diabetes may have sleep apnea.5

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Obesity

77% of people who are obese (body mass index greater than 30) may have sleep apnea.6

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Depression

Sleep apnea doubles the risk of developing depression.7

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Motor vehicle accidents

People with sleep apnea are 7 times more likely to have a motor vehicle accident.8

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Job impairment

People with sleep apnea are 3 times more likely to suffer a work-related injury or fatalities.9

References: 1. Bassetti et al. Sleep apnea in acute cerebrovascular diseases: final report on 128 patients. Sleep 1999;22:217-223. 2. Jose M Marin, Santiago J Carrizo, Eugenio Vicente, Alvar G N Agusti. Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in men with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea with or without treatment with continuous positive airway pressure: an observational study: Lancet 2005;365:1046–53. 3. Silversberg et al. Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Improves Essential Hypertension& Quality of Life. AAFP 2002;65(2):226-236 4. Logan et al. High prevalence of unrecognized sleep apnea in drug-resistant hypertension. J Hypertension 2001;19:2271-2277. 5. Resnick HE, Redline S, Shahar E, et al. Diabetes and sleep disturbances: findings from the Sleep Heart Health Study. Diabetes Care 2003;26:702–709 [PubMed: 12610025]. 6. O'Keefe T. Patterson E. Evidence Supporting Routine Polysomnography Before Bariatric Surgery. Obesity Surgery 2004;14:23-26 7. Paul E. Peppard, PhD; Mariana Szklo-Coxe, PhD; K. Mae Hla, MD; Terry Young, PhD. Longitudinal Association of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder and Depression. Arch Intern Med 2006;166(16):1709-1715. doi:10.1001/archinte.166.16.1709 8. Naughton M, Pierce R. Sleep apnoea's contribution to the road toll. Aust NZ J Med 1991;21(6):833–834 [PubMed]. 9. Hillman DR; Murphy AS; Antic R et al. The economic cost of sleep disorders. SLEEP 2006;29(3):299-305.
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