Sleep apnea can contribute to a range of conditions

The side-effects of sleep apnea

Research shows that sleep apnea is associated with many serious medical conditions. Left untreated, it can be a contributing risk factor for a wide range of health risks.

If you have sleep apnea the following risks increase:

Stroke (blood clots in the brain)

People with sleep apnea are 3 times more likely to suffer a stroke. Almost 70% of people who have had a stroke have sleep apnea.1

Heart attack

People with sleep apnea may have an increased risk of suffering a heart attack.2

High blood pressure

50% of people with high blood pressure also may have sleep apnea and sleep apnea is a common cause of high blood pressure.3 Patients on multiple medications to manage their blood pressure have an 83% chance of having sleep apnea.4

Type 2 diabetes

58% Of patients with type 2 diabetes may have sleep apnea.5

Obesity

77% of people who are obese (body mass index greater than 30) may have sleep apnea.6

Depression

Sleep apnea doubles the risk of developing depression.7

Motor vehicle accidents

People with sleep apnea are 7 times more likely to have a motor vehicle accident.8

Job impairment

People with sleep apnea are 3 times more likely to suffer a work-related injury or fatalities.9

References: 1. Bassetti et al. Sleep apnea in acute cerebrovascular diseases: final report on 128 patients. Sleep 1999;22:217-223. 2. Jose M Marin, Santiago J Carrizo, Eugenio Vicente, Alvar G N Agusti. Long-term cardiovascular outcomes in men with obstructive sleep apnoea-hypopnoea with or without treatment with continuous positive airway pressure: an observational study: Lancet 2005;365:1046–53. 3. Silversberg et al. Treating Obstructive Sleep Apnea Improves Essential Hypertension& Quality of Life. AAFP 2002;65(2):226-236 4. Logan et al. High prevalence of unrecognized sleep apnea in drug-resistant hypertension. J Hypertension 2001;19:2271-2277. 5. Resnick HE, Redline S, Shahar E, et al. Diabetes and sleep disturbances: findings from the Sleep Heart Health Study. Diabetes Care 2003;26:702–709 [PubMed: 12610025]. 6. O'Keefe T. Patterson E. Evidence Supporting Routine Polysomnography Before Bariatric Surgery. Obesity Surgery 2004;14:23-26 7. Paul E. Peppard, PhD; Mariana Szklo-Coxe, PhD; K. Mae Hla, MD; Terry Young, PhD. Longitudinal Association of Sleep-Related Breathing Disorder and Depression. Arch Intern Med 2006;166(16):1709-1715. doi:10.1001/archinte.166.16.1709 8. Naughton M, Pierce R. Sleep apnoea's contribution to the road toll. Aust NZ J Med 1991;21(6):833–834 [PubMed]. 9. Hillman DR; Murphy AS; Antic R et al. The economic cost of sleep disorders. SLEEP 2006;29(3):299-305.
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